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  3. National Flower of San Marino

National Flower of San Marino

National Flower of San Marino
Brand: Carnation
Category: Europe
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Biological Name

The biological name of this flower is Cyclamen.


The petals of these flowers are upswept and they are big in size.


The flower is brightly colored in shades of pink, purple and sometimes even white.


The flower is native to Iran, Mediterranean basin and Europe. One species of Cyclamens is also found in Somalia.

National Flower of San Marino

Cyclamen is the national flower of San Marino.

Cyclamen Information

Cyclamen is a genus present in the family Primulaceae and it has 23 species. These plants grow from tubers. The leaves of these flowers are variably patterned and they are valued for their flowers. The plant has a tuber and this gives rise to the flowers, roots, and leaves. Leaves come out in autumn and they die in spring after growing through the winter season. In Mediterranean regions, the plant stays dormant during the summer season.

There is a separate stem for each leaf and the shape of leaves in species is different and sometimes differences are found in the specimens that belong to the same species.

National Flower of San Marino

Related: National Flower

Cyclamens Facts and Uses

Some of the top facts and uses are:

  • The blooming time for flowers is different in each species. Some species bloom in winter while others do in summer and winter.
  • The petals are also variably shaped depending on the species. Some are longer while others are round and stubby.
  • Cyclamens are sold by florists and they are frost-tendered.
  • There are different cultivars and they may vary in color from red and purple to bright pink.
  • When the temperature is above 20 degrees, the plant goes dormant.

Cyclamen Medicinal Uses

In homeopathic medicine, this flower is used for bringing on late menstruation. It is also used to increase libido.

Cyclamen Flower Art

Florists sell this flower. It is used for decoration of handfastings.

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