The biological name of this flower is Dianthus caryophyllus.
The flowers are brightly colored in shades of red, purple and pink. Sometimes, yellow flowers are also spotted. The natural color is pink and purple but cultivars of other colors are also seen.
The petals are all joined together.
The flower is native to the Mediterranean regions.
Carnation is the national flower of Sicily.
The flower grows on a herbaceous plant that has long leaves. The leaves are glaucous in nature and they may be green, greenish or blue in color. They range up to 15 cm in size. The flowers are 3 to 5 cm in size and they may grow in groups of 5 to form a cyme.
The Carnation flowers have a strong scent. Many cultivars of the flower have been made and some of them are scentless and are differently colored from the natural ones.
Carnations are quite symbolic in the sense that they represent fascination and love in many areas. They are also used as a symbol on International Workers Day.
Teas are made using the flower to help alleviate stress from the body. This tea is also thought to help the spirit and alleviate any nervousness.
Carnations are used for ornamental purposes and for decoration in weddings. They give off a sweet scent and are a symbol of love, purity and good luck. This is why they are often used in decoration.