The biological name of this flower is Coffea arabica.
The flowers are white in color.
The petals are small and white.
The flower is native to the Arabian regions
The Arabian coffee flower is the national flower of Yemen.
Arabian Coffee Flower Information:
The plants that grow in the wild can range up to 40 feet in height and they portray an open branching system. Leaves are arranged in an opposite manner and they are simple.
The shape is elliptic to oblong and they range in length from 6 to 12 cm. They are dark and glossy in appearance. Flowers are white in color and they have a diameter of 10 to 15mm. The growth pattern for these flowers in axillary clusters.
Seeds are formed in a drupe which is called a cherry and is 10 to 15 mm in diameter. The drupe is red to purple in color and it contains two beans. These are coffee beans.
The Arabian coffee plant is a polyploid species as it contains 4 copies of chromosomes as compared to 2 copies that other diploid species contain. It is formed by the hybridization of two species that are Coffea canephora and Coffea eugenioides.
Arabian coffee flower Facts and Uses:
- The plant is an allotetraploid. This means that it is made from a combination of two different species.
- It is the first species in the world to be grown for coffee production.
- Even now, 60% of the global production of coffee is from this flower.
- Some strains have bitter and highly caffeinated beans as compared to others.
The plant was used in traditional medicine for human medication and veterinary treatment.
Arabian Coffee Plant Flower Art:
The flower is not really used for ornamental purposes and is not involved in decorations.