Iris Croatia: National Flower of Croatia
Biological Name: Iris croatica
Origin: European regions
Height: 40-70 cm
Petals: 4 petals and 3 sepals
Medicine: No known
The biological name for this flower is Iris croatica.
The flowers are violet in color.
The stems of this plant are branched and bear violet flowers. There are 4 petals and 3 sepals that are the outer petals. The outer and larger petals are called the falls while the smaller ones are normally referred to as standards. The standards are not as dark as the falls as they have white veins on the,
The flower is native to European regions. It grows in temperate areas of the European subcontinent especially Slovenia and Croatia.
National Flower of Croatia:
Iris Croatia is the national flower of Croatia.
In Croatia, the common name for this flower is perunika. The name is given to this plant from the Slavic mythology. Perun is the God of lightning and thunder in Slavic mythology. According to the traditional stories, the flower only blossoms when Perun makes thunder come on the ground. Croatia has 15 iris species. Half of these species only grow in Croatia. The flower was named as the national flower by the Croatian Society of Science and Arts.
Iris croatica Facts and Uses:
- Ivo and Maria Horvat are the two botanists who described this new species of flower in 1962.
- The flower is found in Downy Oak woods in Croatia.
- The flower is getting endangered as humans are destroying their habitats.
- The flower is on the list of those flowers that are officially protected by the country’s laws.
- The flower is not the official floral emblem of the country.
Iris croatica Medicine Uses:
There are no known medicinal uses for this species of iris.
Iris croatica Flower Art:
The flower is used for ornamental purposes in the country since it is very vibrant.