The biological name of this flower is Dianthus caryophyllus.
The color of its petals is pinkish purple. Cultivation has produced other colors like white, red, yellow and green.
The flowers may either grow singly or they can grow in a group of five called a cyme. The flowers have a very sweet scent. There are also some fragrance-less strains.\
It is assumed that the flower originates from the Mediterranean region. The exact location is not identified since the cultivation of plant has been going on for the past two centuries.
Carnation is the national flower of Balearic Islands.
Carnation needs direct sunlight to grow. The best soil for this flower is an alkaline soil. Carnation is associated with love due to its bright and distinctive color. While the darker shades are associated with affection, the lighter shades of the flower are associated with admiration. The flower is often used as a symbol of socialism during the Labor Day every year.
In ancient times, carnation was used to treat nervous disorders. It is still used for the treatment of fevers.
Carnation is often used for art and ornamental purposes on weddings and other occasions.